Ancient Greek Architecture
Above is the Parthenon which was built to worship the goddess Athena whom the Athenians believed would protect them.
Above is the Parthenon which was built to worship the goddess Athena whom the Athenians believed would protect them.


Ancient Greek Architecture was mainly influenced by the the fact that these buildings were being built for the public. The buildings were designed to show that all people were welcome to worship these gods. Columns were used to allow the citizens to come and go easily and so that the temples showed that everyone could worship these gods. The temples and buildings were made mainly for that key purpose-religion. Since these temples were made for religious purposes, the columns were not just to serve this purpose but were also designed with the utmost of details. There are three different types of these Ancient Greek columns; Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These columns were classified by the detail that were given to each column as well as their capital- the part that connects the column to the roof of the temple. The more important or more popular the god that the temple is being made is how they decide which type of column to use. Since cement had not been invented, the columns were made in different peices and stacked on top of each other so they were more stable. There are three peices to the columns; the base, the shaft, and the capital. The capital is the most detailed part of the column and is the main way to tell these different columns apart. The Ionic columns have scrolls on the capital(Here is a link with information on Greek Architecture http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Art/)
In order from left to right, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian as well as their capitals to the right
In order from left to right, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian as well as their capitals to the right

Another big part that architecture played in ancient Greece was in the theater. They made their theatres so that the actors voices could be heard from all parts of the theatre.
The theatres were built with the audience seated in a semi-circle so that the stage could be seen and the voices were projected to all of the seats. They also built a small series of tunnels so that the actors could move to their places quickly and without being seen by the
An Ancient Greek theater.  These theaters were built with a basement below the stage for the actors to change clothing quickly
An Ancient Greek theater. These theaters were built with a basement below the stage for the actors to change clothing quickly
audience. Also, since microphones and speakers weren't invented for a LONG time to go, there was a small section located directly in front of the stage for the orchestra.